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Syed Ahmed Bin Muttaqi Khan, widely known as Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, was a Social reformist, philosopher, historian of the nineteenth century. Sir Syed was born on 17 October 1817 in Delhi and died on 27 March 1898, started his career as a civil servant. Sir Syed laid the foundation of modern scientific education in India. He was one of those educationists who recognised the role of education in the empowerment of the backward Muslim community.

In 1875, Sir Syed established Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College (MAO) in Aligarh, which became Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) in 1920. Sir Syed Day is celebrated by AMU and its alumni every year in his memory. Sir Syed Ahmed khan began to prepare the roadmap for forming Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) by starting various educational institutions. He founded the scientific society to make western knowledge available to Indians and Muslims in their language. It published Urdu translations of English books on science and other subjects to spread liberal ideas on social reforms.

Sir Syed Ahmad KhAligarh institute gazette launched the Aligarh institute gazette.

The Aligarh institute gazette, an organ of the Scientific Society, was launched in 1866 and accomplished in reforming the ideas of the Muslim population of North India. In 1875, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan founded the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College (MAO) in Aligarh of Uttar Pradesh. He patterned the college based on Cambridge and Oxford University that he had visited during his trip to England. Sir Syed’s main objective was to build an educational institution aligned with the British education system without compromising fundamental Islamic values.

Aligarh Movement

Sir Syed’s aim was not merely restricted to establishing a College or University in Aligarh but spreading the network of Muslim managed educational institutions throughout the country. Keeping this view in his mind, he found the All India Muslim Educational Conference to revive the spirit of Muslims at a significant level. The Aligarh movement has encouraged and motivated Muslims across the country to open several educational institutes. It was the first instance that awakened Muslims to gain their social and political sensibility. Sir Syed had understood the core values of the English education system, and it was clear to him. It was clear to him that his community must accept the English education system to survive and Succeed. When Sir Syed had founded the scientific society, it was made sure that it would have nothing to do with religion.

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