Former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Kalyan Singh died on Sunday in Lucknow due to multi-organ failure. He was 89 and undergoing treatment in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences (SGPGIMS) in Lucknow. On Friday, his health deteriorated, and medical staff placed him on dialysis. Last month Prime Minister Narendra Modi had tweeted saying, “Countless people across the country are praying for the speedy recovery of Kalyan Singh.”
Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath visited Singh in Hospital and expressed his condolences calling his death an irreparable loss. The Uttar Pradesh Government has declared three days of state mourning and a holiday on August 23. Former Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav and Mayavati also expressed their sadness on Twitter over his death. Kalyan Singh was Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh twice from June 1991 to December 1992 and September 1997 to November 1999. He also served as Governor of Rajasthan between 2014 to 2019.
Kalyan Singh is remembered for the demolition of Babri Masjid.
His first term as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh is remembered for demolishing the long-disputed Babri Masjid in Ayodhya. On December 6, 1992, When an angry mob destroyed the Babri Mosque, Kalyan Singh was the Chief Minister of state. He filed a petition in the Supreme Court regarding the safety of Babri Mosque but did not fulfill his promise. The incident sent shock waves across the nation, and it’s also a milestone in modern India’s socio-political history. It is the reason for the rise of the BJP in India.
Kalyan Singh immediately resigned from the post of the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. Following the demolition of Babri Mosque, then President Shankar Dayal Sharma also dismissed the Uttar Pradesh government on the same day. The other BJP leaders, like LK Advani and Manohar Joshi, were charged with conspiracy over the incident.