Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttar Pradesh have emerged as the poorest states in India, according to Niti Aayog’s first Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) report. As per the index, 51.91 percent population of Bihar is poor, followed by 42.16 percent in Jharkhand, 37.79 percent in Uttar Pradesh. While Madhya Pradesh (36.65 percent) placed fourth in the index, Meghalaya (32.67 percent) is fifth.
Kerala (0.71 percent), Goa (3.76 percent), Sikkim (3.82 percent), Tamil Nadu (4.89 percent), and Punjab (5.59 percent) have registered the lowest poverty across India and are at the bottom of the index. While among union territories (UTs), Dadra and Nagar Haveli (27.36 percent), Jammu & Kashmir, and Ladakh (12.58), Daman & Diu (6.82 percent) and Chandigarh (5.97 percent), have emerged as the poorest UTs in India, Puducherry having 1.72 percent of its population as poor, Lakshadweep (1.82 percent), Andaman & Nicobar Islands (4.30 percent) and Delhi (4.79 percent) have fared better.
Bihar has the highest number of malnourished people, followed by Jharkhand.
Bihar also has the highest number of malnourished people, followed by Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. Bihar also ranks worst when it comes to the percentage of the population deprived of maternal health. It also ranks the worst in the percentage of population deprived of years of schooling, school attendance, and percentage of population deprived of cooking fuel and electricity.
According to the report, India’s national MPI measure uses a globally accepted and robust methodology. The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) developed it. Importantly, as a measure of multidimensional poverty, it captures multiple and simultaneous deprivations faced. The report said, India’s MPI has three equally weighted dimensions, health, education, and standard of living, which are represented by 12 indicators, namely nutrition, child and adolescent mortality, antenatal care, years of schooling, school attendance, cooking fuel, sanitation, drinking water, electricity, housing, assets and bank accounts. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) framework, adopted by 193 countries in 2015. It has redefined development policies, government priorities, and metrics for measuring development progress across the world.